The combination of the five Health Related Fitness Components forms the concept called Health Related Physical Fitness (HRPF), which is more often referred to Health Related Fitness. Health experts assess the respective levels of the five components to review them with clients. By this way, they can generate individual exercise programs to meet the particular needs of individuals. Obviously, these assessments are client-specific due to their general health and physiological state.
Cardiorespiratory Fitness is the ability of the body’s circulatory and respiratory systems to provide fuel during sustained physical activity. To improve your cardiorespiratory endurance, you should try activities that keep your heart beat elevated at a safe level for a steady length of time such as bicycling, swimming, or walking. Your chosen activity does not have to be energetic to improve your cardiorespiratory fitness. Start slowly with your favorite activity and gradually develop to a more intense pace.
An individual’s total body weight (what you see on the scale) may not change over time. However, the scale does not indicate how much of that body weight is fat and how much is lean mass (bone, muscle, tendons, and ligaments). Therefore, doctors need to gauge the risk and possibility of adverse health conditions and obesity, which is reckoned as a significant risk factor for chronic heart disease.
Body composition represents the relation between muscle, bone, fat, and other vital parts of the body. It is the only Health Related Fitness component that is measured by a non-performance related activity. There are techniques to estimate the percentage of fat and lean mass of an individual, such as Body Mass Index (BMI), Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA), Circumferences and Waist-to-Hip Ratio, Displacement Plethysmography (ADP), and Height-to-Weight Ratio Charts.
The ability of the muscle to employ force during an activity is muscular strength. If you want to make your muscles stronger, you need to work them against resistance, whether that resistance is from weights or gravity. The key to gaining muscle strength is trying exercises such as lifting weights or rapidly taking the stairs.
The ability of the muscle to go on performing without fatigue is muscular endurance. If you want to improve your muscle endurance, you should try cardio-respiratory activities such as bicycling, dancing, jogging, and walking.
The range of motion around a joint is flexibility. Good flexibility in the joints can help avoid injuries through all phases of life. To improve your flexibility, carry out activities that lengthen the muscles such as a basic stretching program, or simply swimming.